Varnishing used to be the scourge of boat builders. First of all, one would have to sand between coats of varnish to insure good adhesion. That gets tedious when trying to varnish the inside of the hull of a guideboat since there is only a 6″ space between the ribs. Sanding the area close to the ribs is difficult enough but getting the dust out of that area is even trickier. Second, varnishes just love to run. You may not notice the runs until it is time for another coat. Then they are quite obvious and they are not easy to remove. A cabinet scarper is probably the best way to remove the gummy residue of a run. I’ve ben told that trying to dry varnishes on a humid day is vexing too. I haven’t encountered that problem since I apply my varnishes indoors where the humidity is never too high.
Fortunately there is a varnish on the market, Epifanes Woodfinish Gloss spar varnish, that makes varnishing no longer a chore. If you apply another coat of it within 72 hours of the previous one, you don’t have to sand between coats to get adhesion. Hooray! And, more great news. I fully expected to see runs when I applied the second coat to the hull on this go around. So far I haven’t found one. Epifanes gives a high gloss finish and has all the UV blockers that prevent degradation from exposure to sunlight.
When I varnish I don’t subscribe to the strongly held believe that you need to apply some concoction to the bare wood first before you apply the varnish. The concoction contains linseed oil and often other ingredients to prepare the wood for finishing. Since the varnish manufacturers don’t call for any pre-coat I don’t think it is necessary. My first guideboat has endured 14 summers of Adirondack sun and moisture without having had the pre-coat and it is doing just fine. I did refinish it once in those 14 years but the finish is holding up just fine and I don’t expect to have to refinish for several years.
As you can see below I use a foam brush. It gives a smooth, even finish and, best of all, there is no brush cleaning afterwards. I extend the life of my foam brushes by putting them in a zip-lock bag and then into the refrigerator (my wife isn’t keen on that idea). The brushes are cheap enough so that you can throw them away after each use.
To prepare the surface for varnishing I first sand it with 220 grit paper. Then I use the shop vac to remove as much dust as possible. Just before applying the varnish I use a tacky cloth the remove the last of the dust.
One comment on “Building and Adirondack Guideboat-Varnishing”
I certainly agree that those foam brushes (the good quality ones of course) work wonders for smoothing varnish. On large smooth surfaces, I find that a black foam roller works well for application with an immediate final brushout with the foam brushes.
One very bad experience I had with a top quality varnish similar to what you mentioned here, is that when I varnished over a properly cleaned and dried epoxy coating the entire boat bubbled with millions of tiny air bubbles. Of course, it didn’t happen until several hours after I applied the varnish. The varnish was specifically chosen for it’s proven compatibility with the resins and recommended by the resin manufacturer. When I contacted the manufacturers of the resin and of the varnish I found out that the final washing I had done with clear water and a green pad was the culprit. The green pad was specified to be a 3-M pad and I had purchased an off-brand pad. So after days of sanding and cleaning I finally washed with the 3-M pad this time, and the same varnish worked flawlessly- as advertised. Another lesson learned the hard way. Thanks again for your solid information on varnishing. Tom